Determining cellular activities of protein kinases is a fundamental step for characterizing pathophysiological cell signaling pathways. Here, we optimized a nonradioactive method that detects protein kinases in tissues or cells after separation by SDS–PAGE and transfer onto polyvinylidene fluoride membranes.
The method, kinase activity-tagged western blotting (KAT-WB), consists of five steps: electrophoresis of cell extracts that contain protein kinases, electroblotting proteins onto polyvinylidene fluoride membrane, denaturation-renaturation, phosphorylation, with or without an added substrate protein and immunodetection using anti-phospho-specific antibodies. KAT-WB detected autophosphorylation of one Tyr-kinase and site-specific phosphorylation of added substrate by multiple kinases.
KAT-WB assay enables us to interrogate multiple kinase signaling pathways without using radioactive ATP.
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